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Ox Powder Horn (19th Century)


Historically a powder horn was used as a container for gunpowder, and was generally created from cow, ox or buffalo horn. Traders, like at Fort Union, offered gunpowder, flints, and lead balls, which were in high demand. According to Indian Agent Sir William Johnson, a native hunter used, on average, eight pounds of gunpowder and twenty pounds of lead ammunition per day.